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IMPLICATIONS OF THE  TALIBAN MILITARY VICTORY IN AFGHANISTAN

The US-Taliban deal of February 2020, by giving legitimacy to the Taliban, without linking the withdrawal of the US forces to a political settlement in Afghanistan, had placed a question mark over the continuance of a democratic, republican system in the country. There were warnings of collapse of the Afghan forces in the face of an inevitable Taliban onslaught as the Americans departed. The only surprise was the speed of

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I Overview

Pakistan:

• Economy
• Controversy over POK polls​​​​​​
• Pakistan-India
• Pakistan-US
• Pakistan-Saudi Arabia

Afghanistan:

• Peace and Reconciliation
• Afghanistan-Pakistan

II Developments in Pakistan

Economy

Addressing his first press conference in Islamabad barely a month before presentation of the national budget for the financial year 2021-22 (July 2021-June 2022), the newly appointed Finance Minister, Shaukat Tarin said that the government had informed both IMF and World B

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I Overview

Pakistan:

• Economy
• Split in Pakistan Democratic Movement
• Religious Extremism​​​​​​
• Pakistan-India
• Pakistan-China
• Pakistan-Russia

Afghanistan:

• Peace and Reconciliation

II Developments in Pakistan

Economy

According to the IMF staff level report on the $6 billion Extended Fund Facility (EFF) for Pakistan, released in April, the Government of Pakistan has agreed to fulfil certain stringent conditions, including a steep increase in electricity tariff and imposition of a

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I Overview

Pakistan:

• Pakistan Democratic Movement on the brink of breakup
• Economy
• ‘Gilgit-Baltistan’
• Pakistan-India
• Pakistan-US

Afghanistan:

• Peace and Reconciliation
• Afghanistan-India
• Afghanistan-Pakistan

II Developments in Pakistan

Pakistan Democratic Movement on the brink of breakup

Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM), an alliance of opposition parties, came to the brink of a breakup in March. The month began with Yusuf Raza Gilani, the former PPP Prime Minister and PDM c

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I Overview

Pakistan:

• Pakistan stays on FATF grey list
• IMF Extended Fund Facility to be revived
• Pakistan-India agree to cease firing along the LoC and all other sectors
• Pakistan-US
• Pakistan-Sri Lanka
• Pakistan-France

Afghanistan:

• Peace and Reconciliation
• Afghanistan-India

II Developments in Pakistan

Pakistan stays on the FATF grey list

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) decided to retain Pakistan on its grey list in its meeting held in the last week of February. The matt

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I Overview

Pakistan:

• Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM)
• Terrorism
• Pakistan-US

Afghanistan:

• Peace and Reconciliation
• Afghanistan-India
• Afghanistan-Pakistan
• Afghanistan-China

II Developments in Pakistan

Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM)

The opposition alliance -Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM)- was nowhere close to its declared goal of forcing the Imran Khan government out of power and confined itself largely to threatening rhetoric at its rallies. Speaking in the beginning

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I Overview

Pakistan:

• Pakistan Democratic Movement running out of steam?
• Economy
• Pakistan-US
• Pakistan-China

Afghanistan:

• Peace and Reconciliation
• Afghanistan-Pakistan
• Afghanistan-Iran

II Developments in Pakistan

Pakistan Democratic Movement running out of steam?

Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM), an alliance of eleven opposition parties formed in September 2020 to, inter alia, press for the resignation of Prime Minister Imran Khan and an end to the role of army in politics,

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I Overview

Pakistan:

• Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM)
• Economy
• Terrorism
• Pakistan-India
• OIC on Kashmir
• Pakistan-China
• Pakistan-Russia
• Pakistan not to recognise Israel

Afghanistan:

• Peace and Reconciliation
• Geneva Pledging Conference on Afghanistan
• Afghanistan-India
• Afghanistan-Pakistan

II Developments in Pakistan

Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM)

The eleven party opposition alliance- PDM- continued to hold well attended rallies in various parts of Pakistan in spit

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I Overview

Pakistan:

• Opposition Parties
• Pakistan-India
• Pakistan-China

Afghanistan:

• Peace and Reconciliation
• Afghanistan-Pakistan

II Developments in Pakistan

Opposition Parties

In November 2019, Nawaz Sharif, who had remained incarcerated on corruption charges since December 2018, was allowed to leave Pakistan for medical treatment in London by the PTI government based on an order of the Lahore High Court. Though the initial court permission was for four weeks, extendable on med

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I Overview

Pakistan:

• Terrorism
• Pakistan-India
• Pakistan-Saudi Arabia
• Pakistan-China
• Pakistan-Israel

Afghanistan:

• Peace and Reconciliation
• Afghanistan-Pakistan

II Developments in Pakistan

Terrorism

With an eye on its forthcoming review at the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), Pakistan issued two notifications regarding application of UNSC prescribed sanctions on 88 leaders and members of various terror groups included in the UNSC 1267 list. Those mentioned in the notifications

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I Overview

Pakistan:

• Economy
• Terrorism
• Religious Extremism
• Pakistan-India
• Pakistan-China
• Pakistan-Bangladesh

Afghanistan:

• Peace and Reconciliation
• COVID-19 Pandemic
• Afghanistan-Pakistan
• Afghanistan-India

II Developments in Pakistan

Economy

According to a report of IMF, Pakistan’s growth during the current financial year (July 2020 to June 2021) is expected to be 1% as against minus 0.4% during the last financial year. In the budget passed by Parliament in June this year, th

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I Overview

Pakistan:

• Budget 2020-21
• Terrorism and FATF
• Pashtun Tahafuz Movement
• COVID-19 crisis
• Pakistan-India
• Pakistan-China

Afghanistan:

• Peace and Reconciliation
• Corruption
• COVID-19 crisis
• Afghanistan-Pakistan
• Afghanistan-Iran


II Developments in Pakistan

Budget 2020-21
 
The Pakistan National Assembly approved the budget for 2020-21 in the backdrop of worsening economic situation, particularly because of the Coronavirus pandemic. The Economic Survey presented bef

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I Overview

Pakistan:

• Economy
• Pashtun Tahafuz Movement
• COVID-19 crisis
• Pakistan-India
• Pakistan-China

Afghanistan:

• Power sharing agreement between President Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah
• Peace and Reconciliation
• COVID-19 crisis
• Afghanistan-Pakistan
• Afghanistan-Iran


II Developments in Pakistan

Economy

Addressing an online session of the World Economic Forum, PM Imran Khan called upon developed countries to provide debt relief to poorer countries struggling to cope

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I Overview

Pakistan:

• Economy
• COVID-19 crisis
• Terrorism
• Allegations of wrongdoing against leading PTI members
• Army tightens grip on Information Ministry
• Pakistan-India

Afghanistan:

• US-Taliban deal
• Controversy surrounding the Presidential election
• COVID-19 crisis
• Arrest of “Islamic State” terrorist
• Continued violence
• Afghanistan-Pakistan

 

II Developments in Pakistan

Economy

According to a World Bank report, Pakistan will suffer a sharp economic recession and a ste

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I Overview

Pakistan:

• Economy
• COVID-19 crisis
• Pakistan raises Kashmir at SAARC leaders’ video conference on COVID-19
• Pakistan-China
• Pakistan-Iran
 
Afghanistan:

• US-Taliban deal
• Controversy over result of the Presidential election continues
• COVID-19 crisis
• Afghanistan-US
• Afghanistan-Iran
• Afghanistan-Pakistan
• Afghanistan-India
• ICC ruling on alleged war crimes in Afghanistan
 


II Developments in Pakistan

Economy

No sooner had Pakistan successfully completed the second

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H I G H L I G H T S

• Overview 
• Developments in Pakistan
• Developments in Afghanistan

 

I Overview

Pakistan:

• Economy
• Financial Action Task Force
• Extension of tenure of the Army Chief
• Musharraf Treason case
• Pashtun Tahafuz Movement (PTM)
• Pakistan-India
• Pakistan-US
• Pakistan-UAE
• Pakistan-China
 
Afghanistan:

• Peace and Reconciliation
• Presidential Election Result Delayed Further
• UN seeks emergency aid for Afghanistan
• Afghanistan-Pakistan


II Developmen

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Af-Pak Digest - January 2020

I Overview

Pakistan:

• Economy
• Musharraf sentenced to death on treason charge
• Extension of tenure of the Army Chief
• Financial Action Task Force
• Pakistan-India
• Pakistan skips Kuala Lumpur Summit of Muslim countries
• Pakistan-US
• Pakistan-China
 
Afghanistan:

• Peace and Reconciliation
• Result of Presidential Election
 



II Developments in Pakistan 

Economy

The ADB approved two loans amounting to $1.3 billion for Pakistan. The first quick disbursement loan of $1 billion would be part

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Af-Pak Digest - November 2019

I Overview

Pakistan:

• Controversy surrounding extension of army chief’s tenure
• JUI(F)’s Azadi march
• Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz)
• Treason case against Musharraf
• Pakistan-India
• Pakistan-US
• Pakistan-China
• Pakistan-Iran
 
Afghanistan:

• Presidential election result delayed
• Peace and Reconciliation
• Afghanistan-India
• Afghanistan-Pakistan

 


II Developments in Pakistan 

Controversy surrounding extension of army chief’s tenure

 
In July this year, PM Imran Khan had announced an exte

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Af-Pak Digest - October 2019

I Overview

Pakistan:

• Economy
• Growing role of the Army
• JUI (F)’s Azadi March
• Pakistan at the Financial Action Task Force
• Gwadar Port
• Pakistan-India
• Pakistan-China
• Pakistan-Afghanistan
• Pakistan wades into Iran-Saudi rift
 
Afghanistan:

• Peace and Reconciliation
• Results of Presidential Election delayed
 


II Developments in Pakistan 

Economy
 
In a report released in October, World Bank said that the Pak economy was slowing down as it faced another macroeconomic crisis due to hig

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Af-Pak Digest - September 2019

I Overview

Pakistan:

• Opposition Parties
• Pakistan-India
• Pakistan-China
• Pakistan-US
• Pakistan-Afghanistan
• No move to recognize Israel
• Pakistan-Saudi Arabia
 
Afghanistan:

• Peace and Reconciliation
• Presidential election
• UNSC Renews mandate of the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan
 


II Developments in Pakistan 

Opposition Parties

The number of opposition leaders arrested in the name of accountability continued to grow with another prominent name- Syed Khursheed Shah of PPP- added

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About the Author

Ambassador Sharat Sabharwal

Former High Commissioner of India to Pakistan and Distinguished Fellow, Ananta Centre

Mr Sharat Sabharwal joined the Indian Foreign Service in 1975. After serving in various positions in the Permanent Mission of India to the UN in Geneva and the Indian Missions in Madagascar, France and Mauritius, he was Director/Joint Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs in New Delhi from 1990 to 1995. The positions held by him subsequently have been Deputy High Commissioner of India in Pakistan (1995-99), Deputy Permanent Representative of India to the UN in Geneva (1999-2002), Ambassador of India to Uzbekistan (2002-2005) and Additional Secretary/Special Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs (September 2005-March 2009).

Mr. Sabharwal was High Commissioner of India to Pakistan from April 2009 to June 2013.

He was appointed Central Information Commissioner in November, 2013 and served in this position till September, 2017.
Mr. Sabharwal has been Deputy leader/member of the Indian delegations to the UN General Assembly, the erstwhile UN Commission on Human Rights, International Labour Conference and World Health Assembly. He was also the Deputy Leader of the Indian delegation to the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent held in Geneva in October 1999 and member of the Indian delegation to the World Conference against Racism, held in Durban in September 2001.

Mr. Sabharwal holds a post graduate degree in Political Science. He speaks English and French besides Hindi, Urdu and Punjabi.

Mr. Sabharwal has been an author at the Indian Express, The Hindu, India Today, The Tribune and The Wire.