Africa suffers the worst brain drain problem of any developing region with even medium level skilled workers like nurses and technicians among those who leave. In the field of science the loss is even greater. The Global State of Young Africa survey of young African scientists has been trying to identify the barriers that they face to staying in the continent. The survey concluded that “the extreme factors include war and political instability. But the more common ‘pushes’ are a desire for higher pay, better opportunities, and the search for a conducive research environment – one where infrastructure and management help drive careers and research potential.”

Though a number of African governments have launched programmes to increase the number of postgraduate students, without a supportive ecosystem that provides mentoring, facilities and so on the survey concludes such efforts will not succeed. 

The Research and Development Forum for Science-led Development in Africa
had concluded a decade ago that about 30 per cent of scientists leave the continent. The result is a huge shortage of faculty in African universities and an inability to sustain research institutions in most countries. The migration figures differ from country to country. Ghana, for example, loses half of its highly-skilled professionals. But a quarter to a third of such professionals is commonplace in almost every African country that was studied. 

 

Source:

http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20081214092057738

https://theconversation.com/whats-stopping-young-african-scientists-from-achieving-their-potential-97404

 

November 29, 2018 

 

 

About the Author

Pramit Pal Chaudhuri writes on political, security, and economic issues. He previously wrote for the Statesman and the Telegraph in Calcutta. He served on the National Security Advisory Board of the Indian government from 2011-2015. Among other affiliations, he is a member of the Asia Society Global Council, the Aspen Institute Italia, the International Institute of Strategic Studies, and the Mont Pelerin Society. Pramit is also a senior associate of Rhodium Group, New York City, advisor to the Bower Group Asia in India, a member of the Council on Emerging Markets, Washington, DC, and a delegate for the Confederation of Indian Industry-Aspen Strategy Group Indo-U.S. Strategic Dialogue and the Ananta Aspen Strategic Dialogues with Japan, China and Israel. Born in 1964, he has visited over fifty countries on five continents. Mr. Pal Chaudhuri is a history graduate from Cornell University.